Are you getting lazy day-by-day, and finding no time to play sports? Or you want to become a sports-start like Rafael Nadal, who recently won the US Open Tennis, and won millions of dollars as a prize-money, along with winning hearts of millions of the fans.
Let’s introduce to you, tennis, one of the most popular games in the US. It is an Olympic sport, played and liked by people of all ages. Tennis is tremendously popular in the US. Many US people play it as a game for fitness, as well as professional players.
Unlike other games, the history of tennis is very interesting, especially related to the development of racket, tennis ball, scoring, and related terminology. Good quality accessories ensure higher benefits of tennis. In this article, we have covered all the relevant information.
So, let’s go through these so you can know how to get good at tennis fast. Should you have any questions, please feel free to ask us in the comments box below.
1. Health Benefits of Tennis
Tennis is an excellent sport for staying fit throughout your life. Several research studies have reported that playing tennis maintains your health, strength, and agility.
Since tennis involves a high level of aerobic activity, it helps in burning fat and improves cardiovascular health.
Moreover, playing tennis also involves short and intense bursts of activity which involve anaerobic activity, which is an important phenomenon involved in the improvement of strength and stamina of human beings.
According to the findings of Dr. Ralph Paffenbarger after studying more than 10,000 people for 20 years, three hours per week of playing tennis reduced the risk of death from sudden cause to one half.
Dr. Joan Finn reported in a scientific study that similar to other games, the scores of vigor, optimism, and self-esteem during competitions significantly decreased the incidence of depression, anger, confusion, anxiety, and tension in the tennis players.
Moreover, it significantly increased mental alertness and tactical thinking by promoting nerves activity and cognitive abilities. Hence playing tennis is extremely beneficial for health.
Finally, actively involving in tennis augments the immune system of humans, hence help them in combatting many of the diseases.
2. Popularity of Tennis
a. In the US
Tennis is immensely popular in the US, and it ranks among the 7 most liked sports of US. It has a huge fan following in the US. Almost 17.9 million players play tennis in the US, according to the figures published by the Tennis Industry Association.
b. In the World
Tennis is even more popular in the world, as it is among the top 4 games worldwide in terms of the number of players and fan-base. Tennis remained the most popular sport in the US in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s.
c. Professional Players
Most of the tennis players play it as a game for the purpose of recreation and staying fit. However, a few players rely on it for their bread and butter. According to the International Tennis Federation, approximately 14,000 tennis players compete in world men and women tournaments each year, but the professional players are merely less than 2 thousand only.
3. Brief History of Tennis
Often history is the most boring thing to read, but you will notice that the history of tennis is interesting. Here we discuss the origin of tennis, racket, tennis ball, scoring, royal tennis, lawn tennis, and the arrival of tennis into the US.
a. Tennis or Lawn Tennis
Do you know the game which today we call tennis was originally called lawn tennis? It originated from Royal tennis or real tennis in the 19th century in the UK.
b. Racket Sport
Tennis is among the racket (racquet) sports, the other famous members of which include badminton, table tennis (ping pong), squash, etc. For playing tennis, the players need to hit the ball with their rackets.
c. The Mother of Tennis
“Jeu de Paume” was the name given to handball by French in the 12th century. This game was played by monks for entertainment during ceremonies.
d. The Word “Tennis”
The French players used to begin the game of “Jeu de Paume” by shouting the word “Tenez”, which meant to “Play”. This Tenez evolved into Tennis until the 16th century.
e. Tennis Ball
The ball used for”Jeu de Paume” was made of wood. Later, the ball was made bouncy by using cellulose material. Modern tennis ball evolved with time.
f. The First Racket
The hand was replaced with a racket for effective hitting. This was the birth of the first racket. Modern racket also took several centuries to evolve.
g. Scoring with Clocks
In the 15th century, clockfaces were initially used to indicate scores of each player in tennis courts. Initially, the scoring was a multiple of 15. Hence the first point was awarded by moving the clock hands at 15 minutes. Similarly, the second point was awarded by moving the clock hands at 30 minutes, the third point at 45 minutes, and the fourth point at the hour mark. The player won the game at the hour mark. Hence initially the scores were Love, 15, 30, 45 and game point.
h. Modern Scoring
The modern scoring is slightly modified. Since after deuce, the player needed to two points to win, total shorts required to win became five. hence the clock arm was set to 40 minutes, 50 minutes and hour mark, i.e. tin case of a tied at 40, the complete scoring of the winning player will be Love, 15, 30, deuce, Ad-In and Game Point. If the score is not tied at 40, then four shorts win a game, and the scoring will be Love, 15, 30, 40, and game point.
i. Royal Tennis
Rich people and royal families started playing indoor tennis, hence until the 16th century, tennis was called royal tennis.
j. Lawn Tennis
In 1873, Major Walter Wingfield designed boxes, which contained gear necessary to play the royal tennis in lawns in the UK. Hence the royal tennis was now termed as lawn tennis. These days, it is simply called tennis.
k. Tennis in the US
Lawn tennis arrived in the US very soon after Major Walter Wingfield designed boxes. These boxes also found their way to the US, and in 1874, the first lawn tennis tournament of the USA was held. In 1881, the National Lawn Tennis Association was founded in the US.
4. Tennis Accessories
a. Tennis Racket
A tennis racket is an oval frame which has a long handle. The maximum length and width of a racket should be 73.7 and 31.7 cm, respectively. The long handle is used to hold the racket. The oval frame is strung with a cord (strong thread) in a crisscross manner. The maximum length and width of the strung hitting surface of the oval frame should be 39.4 and 29.2 cm, respectively. The handle has a thick grip, so that the racket can be conveniently held during playing. The cord-strung oval frame is the main part of the racket which is used to punch the tennis ball. Whist holding the handle, the tennis players strike the tennis ball with the cord-strung frame and throw the ball into opponent player’s court.
b. Tennis Ball
A tennis ball is the specially designed rubber ball that has fluorescent yellow colored fibers throughout its surface. The ball bounces when strikes on the ground. The tennis ball is thrown into the opponent’s court with the help of racket. The official diameter of tennis ranges decided by the International Tennis Federation from 6.54 to 6.86 cm. The official weight range is between 56.0–59.4 g.
A rectangular 3 feet high net divides the two sides of a tennis court. It is installed with the help of two posts installed in the tennis court. A tennis ball cannot pass through it, but players and ball are visible through it.
d. Tennis shoes
Specially designed tennis shoes are a prerequisite for playing tennis, because, during the game, the player has to move to and fro, back and forth, briskly, and stop quickly. Shoes must be of the highest quality to support during the game, as well as prevent any damage to joints and muscles.
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Men and women dress code are separate for tennis players. These are decided by the tournament rules and regulations. However, for training and regular playing, you can choose any good quality tennis dress. Particularly, it should be able to withstand quick moments and allow absorption of sweat.
A good quality bag is an asset for any player. Bags should be easy to hold, transport and place. It should be able to keep the sports good safe.
Tennis is a high energy game, hence players sweat a lot. Hence an absorbent towel should be present during a tennis game or training.
h. Water bottle
Due to being highly aerobic physical activity, the tennis players need to drink plenty of water. Hence, a good-quality food-grade water bottle is a necessity.
i. Head Gear
Sunlight can burn your skin, and radiation can be dangerous for you. Hence during playing tennis, you should use P-cap to prevent direct exposure of sunlight to your head.
j. Ball machine
During practice, a player needs to focus on shot selection and perfection. If every time the player plays a shot and has to go to collect the ball, that will be very time-consuming. Hence practicing with a ball machine is much reliable option to increase your learning intensity
5. Major Tennis Events
a. Classification of Tennis Tournaments
Either you want to play tennis for fitness or want to become a pro for competing in world competitions, you need to be aware of various major tennis tournaments worldwide.
The four most important international tennis events operated by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) are called majors, which are listed below in Table 1.
c. Year-End Championship
Year-End Championship is the most prestigious championship of tennis after the four majors (Table 2).
The prominent achievements that every tennis player wants to get in his / her career are listed below (Table 3).
6. Tennis Player Rankings
Winning majors is the most prestigious achievement; hence many top-ranked players try to win these. However, overall ranking includes the points gained from other events as well. Following are the 5 highest ranked tennis players of ATP and WTA singles categories(Table 4).
Following are the 5 highest ranked tennis players of ATP and WTA doubles individual categories(Table 5).
7.Famous Tennis Players
Popularity and fame of a tennis player not necessarily depend upon the number of wins, yet it is also the most important factor. Off the field activity, behavior and attitude are also other important factors. Following are two lists of the men and women famous tennis players of all time.
a. Famous Male Tennis Players of All Time
The list of the most famous male tennis players is provided here(Table 6).
b. Famous Female Tennis Players of All Time
The list of the most famous female tennis players is provided here(Table 7).
8. Tennis Rules and Regulations
Do you find love in the rules and regulations section of any sport? Tennis has love in it. Let’s go through the rules and regulations of the tennis court, serving, and scoring.
a. Tennis Court
A tennis court is a rectangular place of dimensions 78 x 36 square feet, equally divided into two halves by a 3 feet high net. Doubles game is played in the full court. While for playing singles, the width of the court is reduced to 27 feet. Moreover, the court is also divided into two halves by a line demarcation longitudinally.
b. Tennis Rules for Serving
The person who starts the game by punching the ball with his racket into the opponents’ court is called server.
The person who receives the ball from the server and punches back the ball with his racket into the server’s court is called a receiver.
iii. Service Rules
a) The service must land within the 21 feet of the net in the opponents’ court of the tennis court.
b) Moreover, the service must land in the diagonally opposite half of the court to that of the server.
c) The server needs to stay out of the court before punching the ball.
d) After each point, within the same court, the server swaps the side of the court.
e) The first service is always from the right part of the court.
f) After each game, the service will rotate. This means that if player 1 served in the first game, player 2 will serve the next game. Service will keep rotating after each game.
g) During a tiebreaker (tiebreak) game, the player who was serving the 6 all game will serve for the first point. After the first point, the service rotates towards the opponent for the next two points. The service will keep rotating then after every two points.
h) During a tiebreak, each time, the service for the first point will be from the right side of the court, while the next service will be from the left side.
c. Scoring Rules of Tennis
A point is awarded to the player, who hits the tennis ball with his racket into the opponent’s court, but the opponent does not return it into the first player’s court. Only one bounce of the ball per shot is allowed in each court.
“Love” in tennis means “zero” score. It evolved from the French word “l’oeuf”, which means ‘egg’. They said it l’oeuf, because the symbol of zero “0” resembled an egg.
In tennis, if both the players have equal points, then the scores are spoken with the term all. For example, Love all, 15 all, 30 all, etc.
iv. Winning a Game
Normally, the players first gaining four points wins the game. Without any point means “Love”, the first point gives a score of 15, the second point takes the score to 30, the third point takes the total score to 40, and the fourth point makes it a game (Table 8).
If the score of both players ties at 40, i.e. 40-40 (40 all), the situation is called deuce. Deuce is originated from the French phrase “à deux” which means “at two”(Table 9).
vi. Advantage In
After the deuce, the winner of the next point gets an advantage. Serving player is not changed in case any player takes the game into deuce or advantage(Table 10).
vii. The Point after Advantage In
The game is won if the player has the advantage again wins the next point, as well (Table 11).
viii. Advantage Out
If the player who got the advantage loses the next point, the advantage is lost, and the score is again deuce(Table 12).
ix. Winning a Game after Deuce and Advantage
After the deuce, any player getting the advantage can win after another consecutive point(Table 13).
x. Winning a Set
Normally, a player must win a minimum of 6 games in tennis to win a set. However, a set is tied if the score is 5 all(Table 14).
xi. Winning after 5 All
If the score is 5 all, then the set is tied. Now, the winning player must 7 games(Table 15).
In the above example, currently, the 3rd set is in progress. Player 2 has won 6 games. But the set is still not finished. The current score of Player 2 is 40-15. If the Player 2 further wins a point, then the game will be won. The Player 2 will win the 3rd set with a score of 7-5. Now the summary of the total sets will be 2-1 (Table 16).
xii. 12-Point Tiebreaker
a) If the score is 6 all, then a tiebreaker (also called tiebreak) game will be played.
b) Points and service rules change for a tie-breaker. The rule is explained in the service rules section above.
c) In a tiebreak, the points of the game are not counted as Love, 15, 30, 40 and game. Rather, points for a tiebreak game are counted as ordinary numbers, i.e. 1,2,3,4, etc.
d) The minimum number of points needed to win the tiebreaker is 7 (Table 17). The minimum margin of win is 2 points. This tiebreak system is called “12-point” tiebreaker.
In the above scorecard, the Player 1 won the set. The game score was 7-5 points. The set score became 7-6 games, which was the score of the 4th set. The match score is now 2 all sets. You can see the revised scorecard below in Table 18.
xiii. Win Margin in a Tie-breaker
In the “12-point” tiebreaker, if the game score reaches 6 all, then the set will continue until one player wins by a margin 2 points. It means that if both the players don’t allow the opponent to win by a margin of 2 points, then the game will continue in this system (Table 19).
For example, in the above scorecard, the Player 1 has won the game by 21-19 points; and has won the 5th set by 7-6. The Player 1 also won the match by 3-2 sets. The final scores are 4-6, 6-3, 5-7, 7-6, and 7-6. The summary is shown in the table below in Table 20.
xiv. Winning a Match for Men Tennis
Men tennis matches are usually the best of 5, i.e. the men players winning the minimum of 3 sets out of 5 wins a tennis match. In the above scorecard, Player 1 won the match. The Player 1 lost the 1st and 3rd sets, but won overall 3 sets, hence won the match (Table 21).
xv. Winning a Match for Women Tennis
Women tennis matches are usually the best of 3, i.e. the women players winning the minimum of 2 sets out of 3 win a tennis match. In the scorecard below, the Player 2 won the match. The scores were 6-4, 3-6, and 7-5. Despite losing the 2ndset, the Player 2 won a total of two sets, hence won the game (Table 22).
Tennis is an excellent recreational sport that keeps you passionate and fit. Above information is regarding the basics of tennis that every player needs to be aware of, but the learning can be done by putting the effort into practicing it well.
Good quality tennis accessories have equal importance for performing well in the game. If you need to learn more about products related to tennis, please follow the link for further details